Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

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所属分类:安全闲碎
最近在做系统安全基线检查相关的,网上找了一些脚本以及群友分享的。整理下分享给大家:

首先是Linux的shell加固脚本

#!/bin/bash
#设置密码复杂度if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_cracklib.so"`" ];then sed -i '/password required pam_deny.so/apassword required pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass minlen=8 ucredit=-1 lcredit=-1 ocredit=-1 dcredit=-1 retry=3 difok=5' /etc/pam.d/system-authfi#密码输入失败3次,锁定5分钟sed -i 's#auth        required      pam_env.so#auth        required      pam_env.sonauth       required       pam_tally.so  onerr=fail deny=3 unlock_time=300nauth           required     /lib/security/$ISA/pam_tally.so onerr=fail deny=3 unlock_time=300#' /etc/pam.d/system-auth
#修改默认访问权限sed -i '/UMASK/s/077/027/' /etc/login.defs
#设置重要文件目录权限chmod 644 /etc/passwd chmod 600 /etc/xinetd.conf chmod 600 /etc/inetd.conf chmod 644 /etc/group chmod 000 /etc/shadow chmod 644 /etc/services chmod 600 /etc/security#chmod 750 /etc/ #启动了nscd服务导致设置权限以后无法登陆 #系统默认755可以接受 #不能修改,如果修改polkit的服务就启动不了chmod 750 /etc/rc6.d chmod 750 /tmp chmod 750 /etc/rc0.d/ chmod 750 /etc/rc1.d/ chmod 750 /etc/rc2.d/ chmod 750 /etc/rc4.d chmod 750 /etc/rc5.d/ chmod 750 /etc/rc3.d chmod 750 /etc/rc.d/init.d/ chmod 600 /etc/grub.confchmod 600 /boot/grub/grub.confchmod 600 /etc/lilo.conf
#检查用户umask设置sed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/csh.cshrcsed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/bashrcsed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/profilecsh_login=`cat /etc/csh.login | grep -i "umask"`if [ -z "$csh_login" ];then echo -e "/numask 077" >>/etc/csh.loginfi

#FTP安全设置 #如果安装了FTP服务 可以进行这个设置vsftpd_conf=`find /etc/ -maxdepth 2 -name vsftpd.conf`if [ ! -z "$vsftpd_conf" ];then sed -i '/anonymous_enable/s/YES/NO/' $vsftpd_conffi
ftpuser=`find /etc/ -maxdepth 2 -name ftpusers`if [ ! -z "$ftpuser" ] && [ -z "`cat $ftpuser | grep -v "^#" | grep root`"];then echo "root" >>$ftpuserfi
sed -i '/^ftp/d' /etc/passwd
#重要文件属性设置chattr +i /etc/passwdchattr +i /etc/shadowchattr +i /etc/groupchattr +i /etc/gshadowchattr +a /var/log/messages#chattr +i /var/log/messages.*
#检查core dump 设置chk_core=`grep core /etc/security/limits.conf | grep -v "^#"`if [ -z "$chk_core" ];then echo "* soft core 0" >> /etc/security/limits.conf echo "* hard core 0" >> /etc/security/limits.conffi
#删除潜在危险文件 可以先检查一下是否有危险文件,如果没有的话,就不需要执行这个hosts_equiv=`find / -maxdepth 3 -name hosts.equiv 2>/dev/null`if [ ! -z "$hosts_equiv" ];then mv "$hosts_equiv" "$hosts_equiv".bakfi
_rhosts=`find / -maxdepth 3 -name .rhosts 2>/dev/null`if [ ! -z "$_rhosts" ];then mv "$_rhosts" "$_rhosts".bakfi
_netrc=`find / -maxdepth 3 -name .netrc 2>/dev/null`if [ ! -z "$_netrc" ];then mv "$_netrc" "$_netrc".bakfi
#检查系统内核参数配置,修改只当次生效,重启需重新设置sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route="0"sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects="0"sysctl -w net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts="1"sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects="0"sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward="0"
#打开syncookie,缓解syn fiood攻击echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies
#不响应ICMP请求echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_all
#防syn攻击优化,提高未连接队列大小sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog="2048"
#检查拥有suid和sgid权限文件并修改文件权限为755 目前这些不需要改变权限,需要定期巡检find /usr/bin/chage /usr/bin/gpasswd /usr/bin/wall /usr/bin/chfn /usr/bin/chsh /usr/bin/newgrp /usr/bin/write /usr/sbin/usernetctl /bin/mount /bin/umount /bin/ping /sbin/netreport -type f -perm /6000 | xargs chmod 755

然后是Windows的批处理脚本:(这里收集了两个,可根据自身情况修改整合)


1、一键加固


echo 现在开始Windows安全加固,确认请按任意键pauseecho [version] >account.inf REM帐户口令授权配置模块echo signature="$CHICAGO$" >>account.infecho [System Access] >>account.infecho MinimumPasswordLength=6 >>account.inf REM 修改帐户密码最小长度为6echo PasswordComplexity=1 >>account.inf REM 开启帐户密码复杂性要求echo MaximumPasswordAge=90 >>account.inf REM 修改帐户密码最长留存期为90echo PasswordHistorySize=5 >>account.inf REM 修改强制密码历史为5echo EnableGuestAccount=0 >>account.inf REM 禁用Guest帐户echo LockoutBadCount=6 >>account.inf REM 设定帐户锁定阀值为6secedit /configure /db account.sdb /cfg account.inf /log account.logdel account.*
echo [version] >rightscfg.infREM 授权配置echo signature="$CHICAGO$" >>rightscfg.infecho [Privilege Rights] >>rightscfg.infecho seremoteshutdownprivilege=Administrators >>rightscfg.infREM从远端系统强制关机只指派给Administrators组echo seshutdownprivilege=Administrators >>rightscfg.infREM关闭系统仅指派给Administrators组echo setakeownershipprivilege=Administrators >>rightscfg.infREM 取得文件或其它对象的所有权仅指派给Administratorsecho seinteractivelogonright=Administrators >> rightscfg.infREM 在本地登陆权限仅指派给Administratorsecho senetworklogonright=Administrators >>rightscfg.infREM只允许Administrators从网络访问secedit /configure /db rightscfg.sdb /cfg rightscfg.inf /log rightscfg.log /quietdel rightscfg.*
echo [version] >audit.inf REM 日志配置echo signature="$CHICAGO$" >>audit.infecho [Event Audit] >>audit.infecho AuditSystemEvents=3 >>audit.inf REM开启审核系统事件echo AuditObjectAccess=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核对象访问echo AuditPrivilegeUse=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核特权使用echo AuditPolicyChange=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核策略更改echo AuditAccountManage=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核帐户管理echo AuditProcessTracking=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核过程跟踪echo AuditDSAccess=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核目录服务访问echo AuditLogonEvents=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核登陆事件echo AuditAccountLogon=3 >>audit.infREM 开启审核帐户登陆事件echo AuditLog >>audit.infecho MaximumLogSize=8192 >>logcfg.inf REM 设置应用日志文件最大8192KBecho AuditLogRetentionPeriod=0 >>logcfg.inf REM设置当达到最大的日志尺寸时按需要改写事件echo RestrictGuestAccess=1 >>logcfg.inf REM设置限制GUEST访问应用日志echo [Security Log] >>logcfg.inf REM设置安全日志echo MaximumLogSize=8192 >>logcfg.inf REM 设置安全日志文件最大8192KBecho AuditLogRetentionPeriod=0 >>logcfg.inf REM设置当达到最大的日志尺寸时按需要改写事件echo RestrictGuestAccess=1 >>logcfg.inf REM设置限制GUEST访问安全日志echo [Application Log] >>logcfg.inf REM设置应用日志echo MaximumLogSize=8192 >>logcfg.inf 设置安全日志文件最大8192KBecho AuditLogRetentionPeriod=0 >>logcfg.inf REM设置当达到最大的日志尺寸时按需要改写事件echo RestrictGuestAccess=1 >>logcfg.inf REM设置限制GUEST访问安全日志secedit /configure /db audit.sdb /cfg audit.inf /log audit.log /quietdel audit.*
REM 共享配置REM 清除admin$共享net share admin$ /del REM 清除ipc$共享net share ipc$ /delREM 清除C盘共享net share c$ /del REM 清除D盘共享net share d$ /del
REM IP协议配置REM 启用SYN攻击保护@echo Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00>>SynAttack.reg @echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServices]>>SynAttack.reg @echo "SynAttackProtect"=dword:2>>SynAttack.reg@echo "TcpMaxPortsExhausted"=dword:5>>SynAttack.reg@echo "TcpMaxHalfOpen"=dword:500>>SynAttack.reg@echo "TcpMaxHalfOpenRetried"=dword:400>>SynAttack.reg@regedit /s SynAttack.reg@del SynAttack.reg
REM 启用屏幕保护程序@echo Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00>>scrsave.reg @echo [HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop]>>scrsave.reg @echo "ScreenSaveActive"="1">>scrsave.reg@echo "ScreenSaverIsSecure"="1">>scrsave.reg@echo "ScreenSaveTimeOut"="300">>scrsave.reg@echo "SCRNSAVE.EXE"="d:\WINDOWS\system32\logon.scr">>scrsave.reg@regedit /s scrsave.reg@del scrsave.reg
REM “Microsoft网络服务器”设置为“在挂起会话之前所需的空闲时间”为15分钟@echo Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00>>lanmanautodisconn.reg @echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServiceslanmanserverparameters]>>lanmanautodisconn.reg @echo "autodisconnect"=dword:0000000f>>lanmanautodisconn.reg @regedit /s lanmanautodisconn.reg@del lanmanautodisconn.reg
REM 关闭自动播放@echo Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00>>closeautorun.reg@echo [HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionPoliciesExplorer]>>closeautorun.reg@echo "NoDriveTypeAutoRun"=dword:000000ff>>closeautorun.reg@regedit /s closeautorun.reg@del closeautorun.reg

2、加固

@echo off
chcp 936
echo TANOVO-CHECK>%[email protected]1.txt
echo ---user list status--- >>%[email protected]net user & net localgroup administrators >>%[email protected]1.txt
echo.>>%[email protected]1.txtecho ---------------------------------passowrd policy----------------------- >>%[email protected]net accounts>>%[email protected]1.txt
echo.>>%[email protected]1.txtecho ---------------------------------share------------------------------->>%[email protected]net share>>%[email protected]1.txt
REM XP系统不支持echo ---------------------------------hotfix InstalledOn--------------------------->>%[email protected]wmic qfe get hotfixid,InstalledOn,InstalledBy>>%[email protected]1.txt
REM REM XP系统使用REM echo ---------------------------------hotfix InstalledOn--------------------------->>%[email protected]REM wmic qfe >>%[email protected]1.txt

echo ---------------------------------port LISTEN---------------------------------->>%[email protected]netstat -ano | find "LISTEN">>%[email protected]1.txt
echo ---------------------------------system policy-------------------------------->>%[email protected]Auditpol.exe /get /category:*>>%[email protected]1.txt
REM 英文版本echo ---------------------------------user,password Expired------------------------echo administrator's user,password net user administrator|find "expires" echo guest's user,passwordnet user guest|find "expires"REM 英文版本echo ---------------------------------user active----------------------------------echo administrator's statusnet user administrator|find "active"echo guest's statusnet user guest|find "active"
REM REM 中文版本REM echo ---------------------------------user,password Expired------------------------>>%[email protected]REM echo administrator's user,password>>%[email protected]REM net user administrator|find "到期" >>%[email protected]REM echo guest's user,password>>%[email protected]1.txtREM net user guest|find "到期">>%[email protected]1.txtREM REM 中文版本REM echo ---------------------------------user active---------------------------------->>%[email protected]REM echo administrator's status>>%[email protected]REM net user administrator|find "启用">>%[email protected]REM echo guest's status>>%[email protected]1.txtREM net user guest|find "启用">>%[email protected]1.txt
echo ---------------------------------system install------------------------------->>%[email protected]systeminfo|find "OS">>%[email protected]1.txt
echo ---------------------------------service-------------------------------------->>%[email protected]net start>>%[email protected]1.txt
echo ---------------------------------screen_Saver--------------------------------->>%[email protected]echo if screensaveractive == 1 , screen_Saver is active>>%[email protected]1.txtreg query "HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop" /v ScreenSaveaAtive>>%[email protected]1.txtreg query "HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop" /v ScreenSaverIsSecure>>%[email protected]1.txtreg query "HKEY_CURRENT_USERControl PanelDesktop" /v ScreenSaveTimeOut>>%[email protected]1.txt
secedit /export /cfg LocalGroupPolicy&type LocalGroupPolicy >>%[email protected]1.txt

echo -----firewall-in-rules----- >>%[email protected]netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name=all dir=in type=dynamic status=enabled >>%[email protected]1.txtecho -----firewall-out-rules----- >>%[email protected]netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name=all dir=out type=dynamic status=enabled >>%[email protected]1.txt

pause


最后在分享两个表格:


Linux安全检查

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本


Windows安全检查

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本

Linux&Windows基线检查加固脚本


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