CWE-409 对高度压缩数据的处理不恰当(数据放大攻击)

admin 2022年1月5日20:59:23CWE(弱点枚举)评论18 views1656字阅读5分31秒阅读模式

CWE-409 对高度压缩数据的处理不恰当(数据放大攻击)

Improper Handling of Highly Compressed Data (Data Amplification)

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Base

状态: Incomplete

被利用可能性: unkown

基本描述

The software does not handle or incorrectly handles a compressed input with a very high compression ratio that produces a large output.

扩展描述

An example of data amplification is a "decompression bomb," a small ZIP file that can produce a large amount of data when it is decompressed.

相关缺陷

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 405 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 405 cwe_View_ID: 699 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

适用平台

Language: {'cwe_Class': 'Language-Independent', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}

常见的影响

范围 影响 注释
Availability ['DoS: Amplification', 'DoS: Crash, Exit, or Restart', 'DoS: Resource Consumption (CPU)', 'DoS: Resource Consumption (Memory)'] System resources, CPU and memory, can be quickly consumed. This can lead to poor system performance or system crash.

示例代码

The DTD and the very brief XML below illustrate what is meant by an XML bomb. The ZERO entity contains one character, the letter A. The choice of entity name ZERO is being used to indicate length equivalent to that exponent on two, that is, the length of ZERO is 2^0. Similarly, ONE refers to ZERO twice, therefore the XML parser will expand ONE to a length of 2, or 2^1. Ultimately, we reach entity THIRTYTWO, which will expand to 2^32 characters in length, or 4 GB, probably consuming far more data than expected.

attack XML

...

]>
&THIRTYTWO;

分析过的案例

标识 说明 链接
CVE-2009-1955 XML bomb in web server module https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2009-1955
CVE-2003-1564 Parsing library allows XML bomb https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2003-1564

分类映射

映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
PLOVER Data Amplification
The CERT Oracle Secure Coding Standard for Java (2011) IDS04-J Limit the size of files passed to ZipInputStream

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  • 本文由 发表于 2022年1月5日20:59:23
  • 转载请保留本文链接(CN-SEC中文网:感谢原作者辛苦付出):
                  CWE-409 对高度压缩数据的处理不恰当(数据放大攻击) http://cn-sec.com/archives/612863.html

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