CWE-337 PRNG中使用可预测种子

admin 2022年1月2日04:08:50CWE(弱点枚举)评论15 views1737字阅读5分47秒阅读模式

CWE-337 PRNG中使用可预测种子

Predictable Seed in Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG)

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Variant

状态: Draft

被利用可能性: unkown

基本描述

A Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG) is initialized from a predictable seed, such as the process ID or system time.

扩展描述

The use of predictable seeds significantly reduces the number of possible seeds that an attacker would need to test in order to predict which random numnbers will be generated by the PRNG.

相关缺陷

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 335 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 335 cwe_View_ID: 699 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

适用平台

Language: {'cwe_Class': 'Language-Independent', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}

常见的影响

范围 影响 注释
Other Varies by Context

可能的缓解方案

策略:

Use non-predictable inputs for seed generation.

MIT-2 ['Architecture and Design', 'Requirements']

策略: Libraries or Frameworks

Use products or modules that conform to FIPS 140-2 [REF-267] to avoid obvious entropy problems. Consult FIPS 140-2 Annex C ("Approved Random Number Generators").

MIT-50 Implementation

策略:

Use a PRNG that periodically re-seeds itself using input from high-quality sources, such as hardware devices with high entropy. However, do not re-seed too frequently, or else the entropy source might block.

示例代码

Both of these examples use a statistical PRNG seeded with the current value of the system clock to generate a random number:

bad Java

Random random = new Random(System.currentTimeMillis());
int accountID = random.nextInt();

bad C

srand(time());
int randNum = rand();

An attacker can easily predict the seed used by these PRNGs, and so also predict the stream of random numbers generated. Note these examples also exhibit CWE-338 (Use of Cryptographically Weak PRNG).

分类映射

映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
PLOVER Predictable Seed in PRNG
The CERT Oracle Secure Coding Standard for Java (2011) MSC02-J Generate strong random numbers

引用

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  • 本文由 发表于 2022年1月2日04:08:50
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                  CWE-337 PRNG中使用可预测种子 http://cn-sec.com/archives/612913.html

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