Ngnix 空字节可远程执行代码漏洞

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所属分类:lcx

    摘自微博

    Ngnix出现高危漏洞,可远程执行代码

    Ngnix在遇到%00空字节时与后端FastCGI处理不一致,导致可以在图片中嵌入PHP代码然后通过访问xxx.jpg%00.php来执行其中的代码。

    影响版本:0.5.*, 0.6.*, 0.7

    详细参考:https://nealpoole.com/blog/2011/07/possible-arbitrary-code-execution-with-null-bytes-php-and-old-versions-of-nginx/

 

Possible Arbitrary Code Execution with Null Bytes, PHP, and Old Versions of nginx

Category: Vulnerability Writeups / Tag: arbitrary code executionnginxPHPsecurityUbuntuweb application security / Add Comment

    After publishing my previous blog post on PHP, nginx configuration, and potential arbitrary code execution, I came across a separate null-byte injection vulnerability in older versions of nginx (0.5.*, 0.6.*, 0.7

    In vulnerable versions of nginx, null bytes are allowed in URIs by default (their presence is indicated via a variable named zero_in_uri defined in ngx_http_request.h). Individual modules have the ability to opt-out of handling URIs with null bytes. However, not all of them do; in particular, the FastCGI module does not.

    The attack itself is simple: a malicious user who makes a request to http://example.com/file.ext%00.php causes file.ext to be parsed as PHP. If an attacker can control the contents of a file served up by nginx (ie: using an avatar upload form) the result is arbitrary code execution. This vulnerability can not be mitigated by nginx configuration settings like try_files or PHP configuration settings like cgi.fix_pathinfo: the only defense is to upgrade to a newer version of nginx or to explicitly block potentially malicious requests to directories containing user-controlled content.

以下是引用片段:

# This location block will prevent an attacker from exploiting
# this vulnerability using files in the 'uploads' or 'other_uploads' directory
location ~ ^/(uploads|other_uploads)/.*.php$
{
    deny all;
}

    Although the affected versions of nginx are relatively old (0.7.66 was released June 7th, 2010, 0.8.38 was released May 24th 2010), no mention of the change appears in the release notes. As a result, administrators may be running vulnerable servers without realizing their risk. I discovered a couple places where vulnerable packages were being distributed:

  1. Ubuntu Lucid Lynx (Ubuntu's current LTS offering) and Hardy Heron (via both the hardy and hardy-backports repositories) provided vulnerable versions of nginx via apt-get. The lucid and hardy packages have been updated: hardy-backports is awaiting approval. [1] [2]
  2. Fedora provides a vulnerable version in its EPEL-4 repository. At this time, an updated package has not been released.

    I sent several emails to [email protected] regarding the vulnerability. I sent the first on June 24th and I sent followups on July 4th, July 20th, and August 2nd. I received the following reply to my August 2nd email:

以下是引用片段:

Thank you for report.

I do not consider this as nginx security issue since every application
should validate its input data, so nginx passed the data to application.
Also this is PHP installation issue where scripts and user uploaded
data are not separated. This issue was discussed several times on mailing
list.

At some point I've decided that zero byte in URI should not appear
in any encoding, operating system, etc., and just makes more problems
than helps. So I have remove zero byte test.

    For anyone who's curious, the changes can be found at r3528 from svn://svn.nginx.org. At that time, it appears trunk corresponded to nginx 0.8: r3599 merged r3528 into the nginx 0.7 branch. The corresponding commit message is "remove r->zero_in_uri." I've reproduced the output of svn diff below:

以下是引用片段:

Index: src/http/ngx_http_request.h
===================================================================
--- src/http/ngx_http_request.h (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/ngx_http_request.h (revision 3528)
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@
 #define NGX_HTTP_PARSE_INVALID_HEADER      13
  
-#define NGX_HTTP_ZERO_IN_URI               1
+/* unused                                  1 */
 #define NGX_HTTP_SUBREQUEST_IN_MEMORY      2
 #define NGX_HTTP_SUBREQUEST_WAITED         4
 #define NGX_HTTP_LOG_UNSAFE                8
@@ -435,9 +435,6 @@
     /* URI with "+" */
     unsigned                          plus_in_uri:1;
  
-    /* URI with "" or "%00" */
-    unsigned                          zero_in_uri:1;
-
     unsigned                          invalid_header:1;
  
     unsigned                          valid_location:1;
Index: src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c (revision 3528)
@@ -1341,7 +1341,7 @@
  
     /* no content handler was found */
  
-    if (r->uri.data[r->uri.len - 1] == '/' && !r->zero_in_uri) {
+    if (r->uri.data[r->uri.len - 1] == '/') {
  
         if (ngx_http_map_uri_to_path(r, &path, &root, 0) != NULL) {
             ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ERR, r->connection->log, 0,
@@ -2104,7 +2104,6 @@
     ngx_log_debug2(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, c->log, 0,
                    "http subrequest "%V?%V"", uri, &sr->args);
  
-    sr->zero_in_uri = (flags & NGX_HTTP_ZERO_IN_URI) != 0;
     sr->subrequest_in_memory = (flags & NGX_HTTP_SUBREQUEST_IN_MEMORY) != 0;
     sr->waited = (flags & NGX_HTTP_SUBREQUEST_WAITED) != 0;
  
Index: src/http/ngx_http_special_response.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/ngx_http_special_response.c    (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/ngx_http_special_response.c    (revision 3528)
@@ -517,8 +517,6 @@
  
     r->err_status = overwrite;
  
-    r->zero_in_uri = 0;
-
     if (ngx_http_complex_value(r, &err_page->value, &uri) != NGX_OK) {
         return NGX_ERROR;
     }
Index: src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c    (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c    (revision 3528)
@@ -1815,10 +1815,6 @@
             return NGX_DONE;
         }
  
-        if (flags & NGX_HTTP_ZERO_IN_URI) {
-            r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-        }
-
         if (r->method != NGX_HTTP_HEAD) {
             r->method = NGX_HTTP_GET;
         }
Index: src/http/ngx_http_parse.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/ngx_http_parse.c   (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/ngx_http_parse.c   (revision 3528)
@@ -438,8 +438,7 @@
                 r->plus_in_uri = 1;
                 break;
             case '':
-                r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-                break;
+                return NGX_HTTP_PARSE_INVALID_REQUEST;
             default:
                 state = sw_check_uri;
                 break;
@@ -496,8 +495,7 @@
                 r->plus_in_uri = 1;
                 break;
             case '':
-                r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-                break;
+                return NGX_HTTP_PARSE_INVALID_REQUEST;
             }
             break;
  
@@ -526,8 +524,7 @@
                 r->complex_uri = 1;
                 break;
             case '':
-                r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-                break;
+                return NGX_HTTP_PARSE_INVALID_REQUEST;
             }
             break;
  
@@ -1202,7 +1199,7 @@
                     ch = *p++;
  
                 } else if (ch == '') {
-                    r->zero_in_uri = 1;
+                    return NGX_HTTP_PARSE_INVALID_REQUEST;
                 }
  
                 state = quoted_state;
@@ -1304,8 +1301,7 @@
         }
  
         if (ch == '') {
-            *flags |= NGX_HTTP_ZERO_IN_URI;
-            continue;
+            goto unsafe;
         }
  
         if (ngx_path_separator(ch) && len > 2) {
@@ -1449,34 +1445,19 @@
 void
 ngx_http_split_args(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_str_t *uri, ngx_str_t *args)
 {
-    u_char  ch, *p, *last;
+    u_char  *p, *last;
  
-    p = uri->data;
+    last = uri->data + uri->len;
  
-    last = p + uri->len;
+    p = ngx_strlchr(uri->data, last, '?');
  
-    args->len = 0;
+    if (p) {
+        uri->len = p - uri->data;
+        p++;
+        args->len = last - p;
+        args->data = p;
  
-    while (p
-
-        ch = *p++;
-
-        if (ch == '?') {
-            args->len = last - p;
-            args->data = p;
-
-            uri->len = p - 1 - uri->data;
-
-            if (ngx_strlchr(p, last, '') != NULL) {
-                r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-            }
-
-            return;
-        }
-
-        if (ch == '') {
-            r->zero_in_uri = 1;
-            continue;
-        }
+    } else {
+        args->len = 0;
     }
 }
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_gzip_static_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_gzip_static_module.c  (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_gzip_static_module.c  (revision 3528)
@@ -89,10 +89,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     gzcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_gzip_static_module);
  
     if (!gzcf->enable) {
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_index_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_index_module.c    (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_index_module.c    (revision 3528)
@@ -116,10 +116,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     ilcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_index_module);
     clcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_core_module);
  
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_random_index_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_random_index_module.c (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_random_index_module.c (revision 3528)
@@ -86,10 +86,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     if (!(r->method & (NGX_HTTP_GET|NGX_HTTP_HEAD|NGX_HTTP_POST))) {
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_dav_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_dav_module.c  (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_dav_module.c  (revision 3528)
@@ -146,10 +146,6 @@
     ngx_int_t                 rc;
     ngx_http_dav_loc_conf_t  *dlcf;
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) { , ,>
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     dlcf = ngx_http_get_module_loc_conf(r, ngx_http_dav_module);
  
     if (!(r->method & dlcf->methods)) {
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_flv_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_flv_module.c  (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_flv_module.c  (revision 3528)
@@ -80,10 +80,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     rc = ngx_http_discard_request_body(r);
  
     if (rc != NGX_OK) {
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_static_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_static_module.c   (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_static_module.c   (revision 3528)
@@ -66,10 +66,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     log = r->connection->log;
  
     /*
Index: src/http/modules/ngx_http_autoindex_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/ngx_http_autoindex_module.c    (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/ngx_http_autoindex_module.c    (revision 3528)
@@ -160,10 +160,6 @@
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
  
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_DECLINED;
-    }
-
     if (!(r->method & (NGX_HTTP_GET|NGX_HTTP_HEAD))) {
         return NGX_DECLINED;
     }
Index: src/http/modules/perl/ngx_http_perl_module.c
===================================================================
--- src/http/modules/perl/ngx_http_perl_module.c    (revision 3527)
+++ src/http/modules/perl/ngx_http_perl_module.c    (revision 3528)
@@ -168,10 +168,6 @@
 static ngx_int_t
 ngx_http_perl_handler(ngx_http_request_t *r)
 {
-    if (r->zero_in_uri) {
-        return NGX_HTTP_NOT_FOUND;
-    }
-
     r->main->count++;

文章来源于lcx.cc:Ngnix 空字节可远程执行代码漏洞

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