应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

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所属分类:安全博客

以下案例均为项目中遇到的,欢迎补充,文章随时更新

0x01 删除指定hash值的文件

需求:
已知恶意文件md5值为:59B18D6146A2AA066F661599C496090D6FF97A7DABF09EBB07C157F286DC81AD ,需要全部删除。

代码如下:

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[array]$md5=Get-FileHash .\*.exe -Algorithm md5
$md5 | Where -Property Hash -in -Value "59B18D6146A2AA066F661599C496090D","6FF97A7DABF09EBB07C157F286DC81AD"
| Remove-Item

例图:
应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

ps:低版本powershell不支持,以下代码为通用获取md5函数

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function Get-md5 {
Param($path)
if(Test-Path $path -PathType Leaf ){
$md5file=certutil -hashfile $path MD5
[string]$hash=$md5file -match "^[a-f0-9]{32}$"
$retVal = New-Object -TypeName psobject -Property @{
PATH = $path
Hash = $hash
}
$retVal

}else{
write-host [-] 'Get-md5' c:\windows\system32\calc.exe -ForegroundColor Red
break
}
}

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录
cmd下获取md5:
certutil -hashfile c:\windows\system32\cmd.exe MD5 |findstr /r "^[a-fA-F0-9]*$"

支持powershell 2.0 的get-hash
https://gist.github.com/jaredcatkinson/7d561b553a04501238f8e4f061f112b7

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

案例:搜索系统目录下恶意文件

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function Get-md5 {
Param($path)
if(Test-Path $path -PathType Leaf ){
$md5file=certutil -hashfile "$path" MD5
[string]$hash=$md5file -match "^[a-f0-9]{32}$"
$retVal = New-Object -TypeName psobject -Property @{
Path = $path
Hash = $hash.ToUpper()
}
$retVal

}else{
}
}

[array]$md5=Get-ChildItem $env:SystemRoot -ErrorAction 0 -Force -recurse -Filter *.exe | % {Get-md5 $_.FullName}
$md5 | where {($_.Hash -eq "6983F7001DE10F4D19FC2D794C3EB534" -or $_.Hash -eq "59B18D6146A2AA066F661599C496090D" -or $_.Hash -eq "CCE36235A525858EB55070847296C4C8" -or $_.Hash -eq "9911858E9BEC100CCF6D8134915103EC" -or $_.Hash -eq "74E2A43B2B7C6E258B3A3FC2516C1235" -or $_.Hash -eq "D4E2EBCF92CF1B2E759FF7CE1F5688CA" -or $_.Hash -eq "FB89D40E24F5FF55228C38B2B07B2E77" -or $_.Hash -eq "637BF46077AD083659D3B96A010F38FE")} | %{write-host $_Path}
[array]$md5=@()

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x02 寻找某一日期创建的文件

需求:得知某一日期遭攻击,想列出攻击日期内产生的文件

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forfiles /m *.exe /d +2019/2/12 /s /p c:\  /c "cmd /c echo @path @fdate @ftime" 2>nul

例图

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

forfiles是一个很强大的命令,windows下有非常详细的帮助,这里就不赘述用法了。

0x03 wmi无文件后门检测

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Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\default -list | Where-Object {$_.name -Match "^[a-z]"}
Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\subscription -class commandlineeventconsumer
Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\subscription -class __eventfilter
Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\subscription -class __FilterToConsumerBinding

图例:
应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录
应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录
应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x04 powershell解码

需求:遇到powershell -enc 方式执行需要解码

解码

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[System.Text.Encoding]::Unicode.GetString([System.Convert]::FromBase64String("UnicodeBase64编码放到此处"))

编码

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[Convert]::ToBase64String([System.Text.Encoding]::Unicode.GetBytes("任意字符串放此处"))

例图:

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x05 计划任务相关

1、 查看计划任务列表

schtasks /query /fo LIST

2、查看计划任务详情

schtasks /query /v /tn "\Microsoft\windows\Bluetooths" /fo list

例图:

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x06 判断是否有打永恒之蓝补丁

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[array]$hotfixid=get-hotfix -id KB4012606,KB3210720,KB3210721,KB4012598,KB4012212,KB4012215,KB4012213,KB4012216,KB4012214,KB4012217,KB4013198,KB4015549 -ErrorAction 0  | ForEach-Object {$_.HotFixID}

if ($hotfixid -eq $null)
{
Write-host "[-] 危险: MS17010B补丁未打,易遭永恒之蓝攻击!" -ForegroundColor Red
Write-host "补丁参考1: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/security-updates/Securitybulletins/2017/ms17-010" -ForegroundColor DarkYellow
Write-host "补丁参考2: https://b.360.cn/other/onionwormfix" -ForegroundColor DarkYellow
} else {
Write-Host "[+] ms17010 补丁以打" -ForegroundColor Green
}

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x07 防火墙及ipsec相关操作

windows防火墙允许445入站

netsh advfirewall set allprofiles state on netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="allow tcp 445" dir=in protocol=tcp localport=445 action=allow #允许445

ipsec 禁止139、445、135端口

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netsh ipsec static add policy name=tomcatgo
netsh ipsec static add filterlist name=Filter1
netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=135 protocol=TCP mirrored = yes
echo “135端口已经关闭”
netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=139 protocol=TCP mirrored = yes
echo “139端口已经关闭”
netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=445 protocol=TCP mirrored = yes
echo “445端口已经关闭”

netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=135 protocol=UDP mirrored = yes
netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=139 protocol=UDP mirrored = yes
netsh ipsec static add filter filterlist=Filter1 srcaddr=any dstaddr=Me dstport=445 protocol=UDP mirrored = yes

netsh ipsec static add filteraction name=Filteraction1 action=block
netsh ipsec static add rule name=Rule1 policy=tomcatgo filterlist=Filter1 filteraction=FilteraAtion1
netsh ipsec static set policy name=tomcatgo assign=y

0x08 获取进程md5

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get-process | where path -ne $null | %{Get-FileHash $_.path -Algorithm md5}

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x09 恶意服务检测

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Get-WmiObject win32_service |?{ $_.name -eq 'svchost.exe' -and $_.PathName -notlike  '*C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe*' -and $_.PathName -not
like '*c:\Windows\SysWOW64\svchost.exe*'} | select Name, DisplayName, State, PathName
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Get-WmiObject win32_service | ?{$_.PathName -like '*svchost.exe*'} | select Name, DisplayName, @{Name="Path"; Expression={$_.PathName.split('
')[0]}} | Format-List

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

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Get-WmiObject win32_service |select name, @{N='FileHash';E={(Get-FileHash $_.pathname -Algorithm md5 -ErrorAction 0).hash}},pa
thname| %{if($_.filehash -eq '51D3A1E2285E2E931A553281BBA10E81'){Write-Host 恶意服务: $_.name 执行路径: $_.pathname -ForegroundColor Red}}

检测多个hash值

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function Get-md5 {
Param($path)
if(Test-Path $path -PathType Leaf ){
$md5file=certutil -hashfile "$path" MD5
[string]$hash=$md5file -match "^[a-f0-9]{32}$"
$retVal = New-Object -TypeName psobject -Property @{
Path = $path
Hash = $hash.ToUpper()
}
$retVal

}else{
}
}

[array]$services_md5=Get-WmiObject win32_service |?{ $_.PathName -notlike '*C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost*' -and $_.PathName -notlike '*c:\Windows\SysWOW64\svchost*'}|select name, @{N='FileHash';E={(Get-md5 $_.pathname.replace('"','') ).hash}},pathname
#$services_md5 |Where {$_.FileHash -eq "6983F7001DE10F4D19FC2D794C3EB534" -or $_.FileHash -eq "59B18D6146A2AA066F661599C496090D" -or $_.FileHash -eq "CCE36235A525858EB55070847296C4C8" -or $_.FileHash -eq "9911858E9BEC100CCF6D8134915103EC" -or $_.FileHash -eq "74E2A43B2B7C6E258B3A3FC2516C1235" -or $_.FileHash -eq "D4E2EBCF92CF1B2E759FF7CE1F5688CA" -or $_.FileHash -eq "FB89D40E24F5FF55228C38B2B07B2E77" -or $_.FileHash -eq "637BF46077AD083659D3B96A010F38FE"}
$services_md5 |Where {$_.FileHash -eq '00A8C2DD875BC4B458CBFED72AAF45F4' -or $_.FileHash -eq '498A07B121D7A3815563DC15AC306EBD' -or $_.FileHash -eq 'B4DAABEBBF16A7C8871209D946E917F3'}

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

0x10 常用wmi命令

1、查看服务详情

wmic service get name,pathname,processid,startname,status,state /value

例图:

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

2、查看进程详情

wmic process get CreationDate,name,processid,commandline,ExecutablePath /value

图例:

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录

3、查看补丁

wmic qfe get hotfixid

4、查看启动项

wmic startup

图例:

应急响应笔记 windows 常用命令记录
5、安装软件列表

wmic /NAMESPACE:"\\root\CIMV2" PATH Win32_Product get name /FORMAT:table

6、获取快捷方式列表

wmic PATH Win32_ShortcutFile get name

7、获取dns缓存记录

可通过dns 缓存记录中查看是否有恶意请求
ipconfig /displaydns

其它

更详细快捷的查杀建议使用pchunter 火绒剑 auturuns 等安全辅助工具

Source:wolvez.club | Author:wolvez

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