CWE-260 配置文件中存储口令

admin 2022年1月5日21:04:53CWE(弱点枚举)评论17 views2007字阅读6分41秒阅读模式

CWE-260 配置文件中存储口令

Password in Configuration File

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Variant

状态: Incomplete

被利用可能性: unkown

基本描述

The software stores a password in a configuration file that might be accessible to actors who do not know the password.

扩展描述

This can result in compromise of the system for which the password is used. An attacker could gain access to this file and learn the stored password or worse yet, change the password to one of their choosing.

相关缺陷

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 522 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 522 cwe_View_ID: 699 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

适用平台

Language: {'cwe_Class': 'Language-Independent', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}

常见的影响

范围 影响 注释
Access Control Gain Privileges or Assume Identity

可能的缓解方案

Architecture and Design

策略:

Avoid storing passwords in easily accessible locations.

Architecture and Design

策略:

Consider storing cryptographic hashes of passwords as an alternative to storing in plaintext.

示例代码

Below is a snippet from a Java properties file.

bad Java

webapp.ldap.username = secretUsername
webapp.ldap.password = secretPassword

Because the LDAP credentials are stored in plaintext, anyone with access to the file can gain access to the resource.

The following examples show a portion of properties and configuration files for Java and ASP.NET applications. The files include username and password information but they are stored in plaintext.

This Java example shows a properties file with a plaintext username / password pair.

bad Java


# Java Web App ResourceBundle properties file

...
webapp.ldap.username=secretUsername
webapp.ldap.password=secretPassword
...

The following example shows a portion of a configuration file for an ASP.Net application. This configuration file includes username and password information for a connection to a database but the pair is stored in plaintext.

bad ASP.NET

...


...

Username and password information should not be included in a configuration file or a properties file in plaintext as this will allow anyone who can read the file access to the resource. If possible, encrypt this information and avoid CWE-13.

分类映射

映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
7 Pernicious Kingdoms Password Management: Password in Configuration File

引用

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  • 本文由 发表于 2022年1月5日21:04:53
  • 转载请保留本文链接(CN-SEC中文网:感谢原作者辛苦付出):
                  CWE-260 配置文件中存储口令 http://cn-sec.com/archives/612807.html

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