CWE-86 Web页面标识中非法字符转义处理不恰当

admin 2021年12月4日16:21:42CWE(弱点枚举)评论20 views2624字阅读8分44秒阅读模式

CWE-86 Web页面标识中非法字符转义处理不恰当

Improper Neutralization of Invalid Characters in Identifiers in Web Pages

结构: Simple

Abstraction: Variant

状态: Draft

被利用可能性: unkown

基本描述

The software does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes invalid characters or byte sequences in the middle of tag names, URI schemes, and other identifiers.

扩展描述

Some web browsers may remove these sequences, resulting in output that may have unintended control implications. For example, the software may attempt to remove a "javascript:" URI scheme, but a "java%00script:" URI may bypass this check and still be rendered as active javascript by some browsers, allowing XSS or other attacks.

相关缺陷

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 79 cwe_View_ID: 1000 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 79 cwe_View_ID: 699 cwe_Ordinal: Primary

  • cwe_Nature: PeerOf cwe_CWE_ID: 184 cwe_View_ID: 1000

  • cwe_Nature: ChildOf cwe_CWE_ID: 436 cwe_View_ID: 1000

适用平台

Language: {'cwe_Class': 'Language-Independent', 'cwe_Prevalence': 'Undetermined'}

常见的影响

范围 影响 注释
['Confidentiality', 'Integrity', 'Availability'] ['Read Application Data', 'Execute Unauthorized Code or Commands']

可能的缓解方案

MIT-30.1 Implementation

策略: Output Encoding

Use and specify an output encoding that can be handled by the downstream component that is reading the output. Common encodings include ISO-8859-1, UTF-7, and UTF-8. When an encoding is not specified, a downstream component may choose a different encoding, either by assuming a default encoding or automatically inferring which encoding is being used, which can be erroneous. When the encodings are inconsistent, the downstream component might treat some character or byte sequences as special, even if they are not special in the original encoding. Attackers might then be able to exploit this discrepancy and conduct injection attacks; they even might be able to bypass protection mechanisms that assume the original encoding is also being used by the downstream component.
The problem of inconsistent output encodings often arises in web pages. If an encoding is not specified in an HTTP header, web browsers often guess about which encoding is being used. This can open up the browser to subtle XSS attacks.

MIT-31 Implementation

策略: Attack Surface Reduction

To help mitigate XSS attacks against the user's session cookie, set the session cookie to be HttpOnly. In browsers that support the HttpOnly feature (such as more recent versions of Internet Explorer and Firefox), this attribute can prevent the user's session cookie from being accessible to malicious client-side scripts that use document.cookie. This is not a complete solution, since HttpOnly is not supported by all browsers. More importantly, XMLHTTPRequest and other powerful browser technologies provide read access to HTTP headers, including the Set-Cookie header in which the HttpOnly flag is set.

分析过的案例

标识 说明 链接

分类映射

映射的分类名 ImNode ID Fit Mapped Node Name
PLOVER Invalid Characters in Identifiers
Software Fault Patterns SFP24 Tainted input to command

相关攻击模式

  • CAPEC-247
  • CAPEC-73
  • CAPEC-85

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  • 本文由 发表于 2021年12月4日16:21:42
  • 转载请保留本文链接(CN-SEC中文网:感谢原作者辛苦付出):
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