Dionaea蜜罐指南

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摘要

测试了一下dionaea这个蜜罐,算是一篇总结吧CentOS release 6.2 (Final)Linux www.centos.com 2.6.32-220.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Dec 6 19:48:22 GMT 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

0x00 前言


测试了一下dionaea这个蜜罐,算是一篇总结吧

0x01 环境


CentOS release 6.2 (Final)

Linux www.centos.com 2.6.32-220.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Dec 6 19:48:22 GMT 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

0x02 依赖性


libev >=4.04

libglib >=2.20

libssl

liblcfg

libemu

python >=3.2

sqlite >=3.3.6

readline >=3

cython >0.14.1

libudns

libcurl >=7.18

libpcap >=1.1.1

libnl(可选,不加也没啥影响)

libgc >=6.8

0x03 安装


mkdir /opt/dionaea yum install git autoconf* libtool-* 

liblcfg

git clone git://git.carnivore.it/liblcfg.git liblcfg cd liblcfg/code autoreconf -vi ./configure --prefix=/opt/dionaea make install 

libemu

git clone git://git.carnivore.it/libemu.git libemu cd libemu autoreconf -vi ./configure --prefix=/opt/dionaea make install 

libev

wget http://dist.schmorp.de/libev/Attic/libev-4.04.tar.gz tar xfz libev-4.04.tar.gz cd libev-4.04 ./configure --prefix=/opt/dionaea make install 

Python 3.2

yum groupinstall "Development tools" yum install zlib-devel bzip2-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel sqlite-devel readline-devel tk-devel wget http://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.2.2/Python-3.2.2.tgz tar xfz Python-3.2.2.tgz cd Python-3.2.2/ ./configure --enable-shared --prefix=/opt/dionaea --with-computed-gotos --enable-ipv6 LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath=/opt/dionaea/lib/ -L/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/" make make install 

Cython

wget http://cython.org/release/Cython-0.15.tar.gz tar xfz Cython-0.15.tar.gz cd Cython-0.15 /opt/dionaea/bin/python3 setup.py install 

udns

wget http://www.corpit.ru/mjt/udns/old/udns_0.0.9.tar.gz tar xfz udns_0.0.9.tar.gz cd udns-0.0.9/ ./configure make shared cp udns.h /opt/dionaea/include cp *.so* /opt/dionaea/lib/ cd /opt/dionaea/lib ln -s libudns.so.0 libudns.so 

libpcap

wget http://www.tcpdump.org/release/libpcap-1.1.1.tar.gz tar xfz libpcap-1.1.1.tar.gz cd libpcap-1.1.1 ./configure --prefix=/opt/dionaea make make install 

libcurl

#可以源码编译,也可以直接安装 git clone https://github.com/bagder/curl.git curl cd curl autoreconf -vi ./configure --prefix=/opt/dionaea make make install 

dionaea

#nl模块会出问题,各种问题.... #实在不行/usr/include/netlink/netlink.h,mv到其他目录, #安装好了再复原了 git clone git://git.carnivore.it/dionaea.git dionaea cd dionaea autoreconf -vi ./configure --with-lcfg-include=/opt/dionaea/include/ /       --with-lcfg-lib=/opt/dionaea/lib/ /       --with-python=/opt/dionaea/bin/python3.2 /       --with-cython-dir=/opt/dionaea/bin /       --with-udns-include=/opt/dionaea/include/ /       --with-udns-lib=/opt/dionaea/lib/ /       --with-emu-include=/opt/dionaea/include/ /       --with-emu-lib=/opt/dionaea/lib/ /       --with-gc-include=/usr/include/gc /       --with-ev-include=/opt/dionaea/include /       --with-ev-lib=/opt/dionaea/lib /       --with-curl-config=/usr/bin/ /       --with-pcap-include=/opt/dionaea/include /       --with-pcap-lib=/opt/dionaea/lib/  make make install 

创建指定特定的用户和组,用来运行dionaea

groupadd dionaea useradd -g dionaea -s /usr/sbin/nologin dionaea chown -R dionaea:dionaea /opt/dionaea/ 

运行测试,没报错,使用netstat -antple 看到好多dionaea开放的端口,证明安装成功

cd /opt/dionaea/bin ./dionaea -c /opt/dionaea/etc/dionaea/dionaea.conf -u dionaea -g dionaea 

Dionaea蜜罐指南

0x04 图形化


Python 2.7

yum groupinstall "Development tools" yum install zlib-devel bzip2-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel sqlite-devel readline-devel tk-devel wget http://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.6/Python-2.7.6.tar.xz tar -Jxvf Python-2.7.6.tar.xz cd Python-2.7.6 ./configure --with-threads --enable-shared --prefix=/usr/local make make altinstall ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpython2.7.so.1.0 /lib64/ 

pip

wget http://pypi.python.org/packages/source/d/distribute/distribute-0.6.49.tar.gz tar zxvf distribute-0.6.49.tar.gz cd distribute-0.6.49 python2.7 setup.py install easy_install-2.7 pip 

django

pip2.7 install Django pygeoip django-pagination django-tables2 django-compressor  django-htmlmin django-filter wget https://github.com/benjiec/django-tables2-simplefilter/archive/master.zip -O  django-tables2-simplefilter.zip unzip django-tables2-simplefilter.zip mv django-tables2-simplefilter-master/  django-tables2-simplefilter/ cd django-tables2-simplefilter/ python2.7 setup.py install 

python-netaddr

wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/n/netaddr/netaddr-0.7.11.tar.gz tar xzvf netaddr-0.7.11.tar.gz cd netaddr-0.7.11 python2.7 setup.py install 

PySubnetTree

git clone git://git.bro-ids.org/pysubnettree.git cd pysubnettree/ python2.7 setup.py install 

Nodejs

wget http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.8.16/node-v0.8.16.tar.gz tar xzvf node-v0.8.16.tar.gz cd node-v0.8.16 ./configure make make install npm install -g less  cd /opt/ wget https://github.com/RootingPuntoEs/DionaeaFR/archive/master.zip -O DionaeaFR.zip unzip DionaeaFR.zip mv DionaeaFR-master/ DionaeaFR 

GeoIP&&GeoLiteCity

cd /opt/DionaeaFR/DionaeaFR/static wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCountry/GeoIP.dat.gz gunzip GeoLiteCity.dat.gz gunzip GeoIP.dat.gz 

运行图形界面

cd /opt/DionaeaFR/ python2.7 manage.py collectstatic #type yes when asked 

可能提示要运行一次python manage.py migrate, 提示就运行一次,有时候报错,但是好像不影响使用..........

python2.7 manage.py runserver 0.0.0.0:8000 Validating models... 

0x05 debug


更改时区,默认是美国的

settings.py TIME_ZONE = 'Asia/Shanghai' 

更改时间格式,一直没有生效,不知道是为啥

访问web的时候

Error: Cannot find module 'promise' 

运行

npm install -g promise 

访问DionaeaFR的GRAPHS页面报

TypeError: __init__() got an unexpected keyword argument 'mimetype' 

修改/opt/DionaeaFR/Web/views/graph.py,

mimetype="application/json"全部修改成

content_type="application/json"。

访问http://ip:8000

Dionaea蜜罐指南

Nessus扫描

Dionaea蜜罐指南

主机识别的结果

Dionaea蜜罐指南

0x06 结构


命令格式


Dionaea 具体的命令格式如下:

dionaea [-c, --config=FILE] [-D, --daemonize] [-g, --group=GROUP]         [-h, --help] [-H, --large-help][-l, --log-levels=WHAT] [-L, --log-domains=WHAT]             [-u, --user=USER][-p, --pid-file=FILE] [-r, --chroot=DIR] [-V, --version]         [-w, --workingdir=DIR] 

选项的意义分别是: -c:指定运行程序所使用的配置文件,默认下配置文件是/opt/dionaea/etc/dionaea.conf。 -D:后台运行。 -g:指定启动后切换到某个用户组,默认下保持当前组。 -h:帮助信息。 -H:帮助信息,包括默认值信息。 -l:选择事件记录级别,可以选择 all, debug, info, message, warning, critical, error 这些值,多选使用“,”做分隔,排除使用“-”。 -L:选择域,支持通配符“*”和“?”,多选使用“,”,排除使用“-”。 -u:指定启动后切换到某个用户,默认下保持当前用户。 -p:记录 pid 到指定文件。 -r:指定启动后切换根目录到指定目录,默认下不切换。 -V:显示版本信息。 -w:设定进程工作目录,默认下为/opt/dionaea。

例子:

dionaea -l all,-debug -L '*' dionaea -l all,-debug -L 'con*,py*' dionaea -u nobody -g nogroup -w /opt/dionaea -p /opt/dionaea/var/run/dionaea.pid 

配置文件


默认配置文件/opt/dionaea/etc/dionaea/dionaea.conf

里面包含以下几个模块

logging: 普通日志和错误日志存放的位置,等级和所属的域.

processors: 处理器 processors 部分配置 libemu 和用于导出数据流的模块 streamdumper. libemu 部分可增减允许的协议,配置 shellcode 检测时支持的最大流大小、跟踪步数限制和并发执行数等性能参数。streamdumper 部分配置导出数据流时允许和拒绝的协议,数据流保存的位置。

downloads: 文件下载保存的位置 bistreams: 配置数据流保存的位置 submit: 指定恶意文件自动提交的网址 listen: 指定监听的IP和接口

    一共有三种模式:      getifaddrs:对所有的ip上都开启相关端口的监听,127.0.0.1也会监听,默认的选项     manual:只在指定ip上开启端口监听     nl:指定监听的接口     配置子接口,一个网卡上多个IP被监测  listen = {         mode = "manual"         addrs = { eth0 = ["10.1.2.3", "11.1.2.3"]} } 

modules: 配置各种模块的工作参数.部分"必须模块": curl、libemu、pcap模拟的服务等信息

    pcap:用来拒绝连接的请求.      curl:用来传输文件,下载文件或者向第三方站点提交样本      emu:用来检测或者模拟shellcode执行      python:dionaea调用,来模拟服务 

0x07 端口指纹信息修改


提供以下这些服务

Dionaea蜜罐指南

nmap -sV端口识别,信息太明显,显示" Dionaea honeypot"等字样

Dionaea蜜罐指南

修改配置文件,变更指纹信息 SMB的445端口指纹: /opt/dionaea/lib/dionaea/python/dionaea/smb/include/smbfields.py 中

MConditionalField(UnicodeNullField("OemDomainName", "WORKGROUP") ConditionalField(UnicodeNullField("ServerName", "HOMEUSER-3AF6FE") 

WORKGROUP和HOMEUSER-3AF6FE,变更信息

MSSQL的1433端口指纹: /opt/dionaea/lib/dionaea/python/dionaea/mssql/mssql.py的 r.VersionToken.TokenType = 0x00修改为0xAA

FTP的21端口指纹: /opt/dionaea/lib/dionaea/python/dionaea/ftp.py self.reply(WELCOME_MSG, "Welcome to the ftp service") 修改为 self.reply(WELCOME_MSG, "Welcome to the svn service")

识别为正常的服务

Dionaea蜜罐指南

0x08 通过uwsgi+nginx来发布页面


配置uwsgi


安装pip

curl -O https://raw.github.com/pypa/pip/master/contrib/get-pip.py python get-pip.py 

安装uwsgi

export LDFLAGS="-Xlinker --no-as-needed" pip install uwsgi 

测试uwsgi是否安装成功

vim test.py  # test.pydef application(env, start_response):    start_response('200 OK', [('Content-Type','text/html')])    return "Hello World" 

执行shell命令

uwsgi --http :8001 --wsgi-file test.py 

访问http://ip:8001是否有Hello World

配置django


编辑django_wsgi.py

# coding: utf-8 import os import sys reload(sys) sys.setdefaultencoding('utf8') 

需要修改的

#os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "mysite.settings") #from django.core.handlers.wsgi import WSGIHandler #application = WSGIHandler()  os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "DionaeaFR.settings") from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application application = get_wsgi_application() 

连接django和uwsgi

uwsgi --http :8000 --chdir /opt/DionaeaFR --module django_wsgi 

访问http://ip:8000,可以看到项目

编写配置文件,来运行uWSGI

vim /opt/DionaeaFR/djangochina_socket.xml  <uwsgi>         <socket>127.0.0.1:9001</socket>         <chdir>/opt/DionaeaFR/</chdir>         <module>django_wsgi</module>         <processes>1</processes> <!-- 进程数 -->         <daemonize>/opt/DionaeaFR/var/uwsgi.log</daemonize>         <pidfile>/opt/DionaeaFR/var/uwsgi.pid</pidfile> </uwsgi> mkdir /opt/DionaeaFR/var/ 

配置nginx


location / {             include        uwsgi_params;            uwsgi_pass     127.0.0.1:8077;        } 

配置目录,要不然css这些就没有了

location /static/ { alias /opt/DionaeaFR/static/;         } 

重新载入nginx配置文件

nginx -s reload 

运行uwsgi

cd /opt/DionaeaFR uwsgi -x djangochina_socket.xml 

4.简单的控制脚本

UWSGI='/usr/local/bin/uwsgi' UWSGIPID='/opt/DionaeaFR/var/uwsgi.pid' UWSGIXML='/opt/DionaeaFR/djangochina_socket.xml' KILL='/bin/kill' RM='/bin/rm'   #start start() {                 if [ -f $UWSGIPID ]                 then                         echo "uwsgi has running"                         return 1                 fi                 $UWSGI -x $UWSGIXML                 echo "uwsgi have running"                 return 0         }  #stop stop() {                 if [ ! -f $UWSGIPID ]                 then                         echo "uwsgi not running"                         return 1                 fi                 $KILL -HUP `cat $UWSGIPID` && $RM -f $UWSGIPID                 if [ $? -eq 0 ]                 then                         echo "uwsgi is stop"                         return 0                 fi                    echo "uwsgi stop fail"                 return 1         } #status status() {                 if [ -f $UWSGPID ]                 then                         echo "running"                         return 0                 fi                 echo "not running"                 return 0         }  #see how we were called. case "$1" in   start)         start         ;;   stop)         stop         ;;   status)         status         ;;   *)         echo "Usage: dionaea {start|stop}" Esac 

0x09 后记


“征用”了基友@太阳风的vps,收集了一些数据,这个比ssh的蜜罐多了太多!!!!!

Dionaea蜜罐指南

Dionaea蜜罐指南

Dionaea蜜罐指南

Dionaea蜜罐指南

Dionaea蜜罐指南

有大量的恶意程序,有兴趣的可以私信我啊<sub>~</sub>

最后给team的博客打个广告,大家手下留情........ http://www.sigma.ws/

参考:

http://takahoyo.hatenablog.com/entry/2014/05/26/023409

http://takahoyo.hatenablog.com/entry/2014/06/07/233059

http://bruteforce.gr/visualizing-dionaeas-results-with-dionaeafr.html

http://dionaea.carnivore.it/

http://rubenespadas.github.io/DionaeaFR/

http://www.freebuf.com/articles/system/12696.html

http://www.securityartwork.es/2014/06/05/avoiding-dionaea-service-identification/?lang=en

Dionaea低交互式蜜罐介绍.pdf

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